When conversations involve diets and nutrition, we often hear terms like micronutrients and macronutrients, micronutrients are simply small vitamins and minerals, also called trace elements.
Macronutrients are larger particles and include proteins, fats and carbohydrates, the three types of foods we consume in varying proportions.
You are no doubt familiar with carbohydrates as they are most often blamed for our declining health and increasing obesity epidemic, but not all carbs are created equal nor are they all evil.
Carbs are either sugar, fiber or starch and fall into two major subcategories, simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates.
Simple carbs are sugars, they contain one (monosaccharides) or two (disaccharides) sugar molecules and are so small and simple they are rapidly digested and absorbed into the bloodstream.
In dietary terms, you will hear simple carbs or sugars referred to as fast carbs.
The three main types of simple sugars:
Complex carbohydrates contain many molecules often formed in chains and require quite a bit more work to digest, for this reason they are known as the slow carbs and are primarily fiber and starch.
Healthy examples include whole grains, rolled oats, kidney beans, carrots, sweet potatoes and spinach.
To improve your health and reduce your waistline, fill you plate with slow to digest complex carbohydrates.
They are rich in fiber and will help you feel full sooner and continue that fullness longer, helping you consume fewer calories.
Complex carbs also have a lower glycemic index, they do not cause wild blood sugar peaks and valleys that simple sugars do.
There is a long standing myth in the diet world that certain foods actually require more calories to digest than they contain.
Not so, however, there are several foods on the complex carb list that come very close… celery, cucumbers and kale.
Radishes make the list at number 4. Add these foods to your diet for their fiber content and as low-calorie garnishes or sides.
Hope this was of use,
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